Thimlich Ohinga Historic Site
Thimlich Ohinga Prehistoric Site is one of the most significant archaeological sites in East Africa. It was declared a national monument in 1983 and consists of dry stone enclosures of one of the earliest settlements in the Lake Victoria area. The name means 'thick bush' or 'frightening dense forest' in the local Dholuo language. The main structure consists of a compound about 140 m in diameter with five smaller enclosures in each and at least six house pits.
The design of these structures indicates that the dry stone enclosures were built by a cohesive community mostly of Bantu origin from around the 14th century. The Bantu lived here prior to the arrival of the Luo people. Between them, the early Bantu settlers and later Nilotic settlers built about 521 enclosures in over 130 locations in the Lake Victoria region. Thimlich Ohinga is the largest and best-preserved of these traditional enclosures. They are similar to the 17th-century stone ruins in Zimbabwe.