Lukenya Cave Hill
Located just near Lukenya, 6 minutes drive from Mombasa road, Lukenya hill and cave is one of the most important archeological sites in East Africa. The site has helped historians undertand the origins of modern human diversity.
The site is home to the GvJm-22 rock shelter the exacavation site for Kenya National Museums Lukenya Hill Hominid 1. This Hominid is a Homo sapiens partial calvaria associated with Later Stone Age (LSA) archaeological deposits.
The earliest excavation on Lukenya Hill was carried out by the famous fossil finders – Mary and Louis Leakey in the 1940s. The hill was used for teaching students of archaeology. Up to date, over 300 prehistoric sites have been documented on the hill.
Teddy Roosevelt the 26th president of the USA camped on neighbouring farm on the hill in 1909 on his expedition to Africa after he finished term as president.
The caves were also a hiding place for Mau Mau fighters. The hill where Daystar University is today, was a prison for Mau Mau freedom fighters. Today, hills are good for hiking, wildlife viewing on surrounding Athi plains and sightseeing.