The name Kitui means ‘a place where iron goods are made’. The Kamba iron-smiths who settled in the county many years before the colonial period are the ones who named the area Kitui. Kitui County is located 180Km to the South East of Nairobi City. It covers an area of about 30,496 km2. It borders Machakos and Makueni Counties to the West, Tana River County to the East, Taita-Taveta County to the South, and Embu and Tharaka- Nithi Counties to the North.
Famous people who hail from Kitui County include the first black Chief Justice of Kenya Kitili Mwendwa, the current Chief Justice and President of the Supreme Court of Kenya Dr. Willy Mutunga, former Vice President of Kenya Kalonzo Musyoka, politicians Charity Ngilu and Nyiva Mwendwa. Others include 1992 IAAF World Half Marathon Champion Benson Masya
- Kitui is the heart of Kambaland and the true home of Akamba People.
- The giant baobab trees that stand guard of Kitui are a big reminder of what a tiny place we occupy in the circle of life.
- Kitui County is dotted by impressive rock formations like – Ngomeni, Ukasi, Yanzuu, Kavia & Gai Rock.
- Set up in honour of soldiers the county government offices from Kitui who fought in World War 1.; the memorial is found at the County Government offices.